Нефтяной рынок: Пророчества иногда сбываются позже чем их ждешь.

В данном случае речь идет о сегодняшнем сообщении государственного телевидения Саудовской Аравии о смерти крон-принца и наследника престола принца Nayef, который возглавлял Мин.Внутренних Дел страны. Телевидение Саудовской Аравии не сообщает причину смерти и ссылается на сообщение от  Королевского Совета. Принц Nayef возглавлял ведомоство внутренних дел с 1975 года и был самым влиятельным человеком в королевском клане саудитов.

Важен не сам факт смерти этого кронц-принца и самого вероятного наследника престола. Важен факт, что с поразительной точностью начинает сбываться «пророчество» сделанное еще в конце 2001 года ведущими сотрудниками кафедры политологии Колумбийского Университета.


К сожалению сейчас невозможно вспомнить имена тех трех профессоров, которые сделали тогда доклад о неизбежности распада Саудовской Аравии.

В то время эта новость прошла незамеченной и не вызвала бурной дискуссии, хотя надо отметить что именно троица профессоров из Университета Колумбии пожалуй впервые озвучила сценарий резкого роста цен на нефть до 100 долларов и выше. Как вы понимаете, в 2001 году мало кто мог поверить в то, что баррель может стоить 50,60 и тем более 100 долларов.


По этой причине доклад о судьбе Саудовской Аравии прошел незамеченным и не вызвал никакого оживления в академической среде, поскольку воспринимался как еще один «ужастик» которого хватало с лихвой после террактов 11 сентября 2001 года.

Однако именно в том докладе, четко обозначались долгосрочные политические ориентиры для Ближнего Востока и предсказывался хаос для нефтяного рынка, в рамках распада страны — крупнейшего поставщика нефти в мире.

Колумбийская троица предположила, что стуктура управления Саудовской Аравией морально устарела и рано или поздно начнется жесткая борьба за власть между различными кланами и в результате начнетс сначала гражданская война и затем полномасштабный распад королевства саудитов.




Единственное в чем тогда ошиблись профессора, это сроки. Они предполагали, что борьба за власть начнется как только умрет правящий на тот момент король Фадх, который тяжело болел и уже не мог контролировать свой клан (умер в итоге в 2005 году) однако когда король действительно умер, ничего подобного так и не прозошло.

Новым монархом стал нынешний король Абдалла. Тем не менее, текущее развитие событий в Саудовской Аравии в частности, и на Ближнем Востоке в целом, в любом случае подтверждают выводы сделанные колумбийскими профессорами, о необратимости процесса брожжения в королевском клане саудитов, поскольку клан не допускает в управление людей, с более свежим взглядом на дальнейшие перспективы страны и стремлением реформировать государство и экономику. 


Королевское бюро правящей династиии Саудовской Аравии 



Политбюро ЦК КПСС СССР (тоже в чем то крон-принцы были) 


Как видно «пророчества» очень часто сбываются, и как правило в тот момент, когда о них уже забываешь. Кстати сказать… раз уж речь зашла о будущей ситуации в Саудовской Аравии, не грех вспомнить что между словом «саудиты» и «нефть» фактически есть синоним.

 

Комментарии (24)

свернуть / развернуть
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Салман Абдулазиз… 76 лет… его пророчат на место… мин обороны возглавляет.
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Спасибо, Григорий.
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OBAMA OFFERS CONDOLENCES TO SAUDIS ON DEATH OF CROWN PRINCE NAYEF, PRAISES HIM FOR HELPING DEVELOP STRONG ANTI-TERRORISM TIES WITH U.S.
RTR, 06/16 02:03PM

Source: Thomson News
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Да вот… а при 911 наехали… ибо террористы были саудитами
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Спасибо за ссылку. Хорошая была статья, сейчас уже и не вспомнить, почему прошла мимо. Пойдет в избранное.
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А не подскажите где можно почитать этого 1000км котировок, жж или блог какой может кто знает? На том сайте его давно нет.
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:))
Давайте я вам намекну, а дальше, надеюсь, сами догадаетесь.
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если конкретно про сссылку на тему, то она в посте выделена  в последнем абзаце…  "… когда о них уже забываешь. " там давние ориентиры были по нефти к примеру… ну а остальные посты там на том блоге еще сохранились… только копаться надо....
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«Hello It's Me» © =)
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Эту тысячекилометров котировок сейчас можно почитать как Патрицию Дж.
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Ключевые игроки в «семье саудитов»

 
Картинка большого размера
 
 

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India is facing an energy crisis that is slowing economic growth in the world's largest democracy.
 
At stake is India's ability to bring electricity to 400 million rural residents—a third of the population—as well as keep the lights on at corporate office towers and provide enough fuel for 1.5 million new vehicles added to the roads each month.
 
Shortages of coal, oil and natural gas will require India to import increasing amounts of high-cost fossil fuels, say energy experts, risking inflation and putting the country in stepped-up competition with China, Japan and South Korea. Buying oil from Iran, one of India's biggest suppliers, is tougher because of U.S. and European sanctions aimed at curbing Tehran's nuclear ambitions.
 
With annual demand expected to more than double in the next two decades to the equivalent of six billion barrels of oil, the energy crunch threatens to knock India off its growth path. The national economy has already slowed amid paltry business investment and stalled reforms. It tallied just 5.3% growth in the quarter that ended March 31, the lowest level in almost a decade and well shy of the country's 9% goal.
 
Expensive imports have taken a toll on the nation's finances. Though global crude oil prices have eased in the past few months, India is seeing little benefit because its currency, the rupee, has been dropping against the dollar, the currency used to price oil.
 
 
State-run energy companies are racking up billions of dollars in losses by selling auto fuel, cooking gas and electricity at artificially low prices to protect consumers from global cost increases. In May, India's oil marketers raised gasoline prices 11.5%, the largest increase ever. The move was a sign of new urgency in the government to improve the fiscal health of the oil companies, though prices were cut 3% after a public backlash.
 
Economists say gasoline prices need to increase more, with the tougher task of deregulating the prices of diesel and cooking gas still ahead.
 
«The prime minister and a few wise men are beginning to realize that there's a very bleak outlook in terms of energy security, and that this is going to create the single largest constraint on the economy, one of alarming proportions,» said Gokul Chaudhri, a partner at New Delhi-based consultancy BMR Advisors, whose clients include Indian and foreign energy firms.
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Vast tracts of rural India lack electricity. Even in such business hubs as Delhi's suburb of Gurgaon, companies employ backup generators because of regular outages. Factories are forced to curtail production. And vaccines that require refrigeration go bad because of spotty service.
 
A shortage of coal, which accounts for more than half of the nation's energy supply, is crippling the power sector, forcing companies to delay the opening of multibillion-dollar projects. India in April announced an 80% jump in coal imports for the fiscal year ended in March, to $17.6 billion. But many plants still run below capacity for lack of coal.
 
After top power companies lobbied Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the government in April issued a presidential directive ordering Coal India Ltd., 533278.BY +0.68% India's state-run monopoly, to increase production or imports. Officials also cut India's electricity generation target for the next five years by 25%, reflecting worries the coal shortage will continue.
 
The government had looked to natural gas. But a production shortfall at the nation's largest known gas field—operated by Reliance Industries 500325.BY 0.00% —has India racing to increase gas imports.
 
India now imports three-quarters of its oil, and the price tag has been growing. The import bill was $141 billion in the past fiscal year, a 41% jump over a year earlier. As global oil prices have declined, India's crude oil import costs have decreased about 15% in dollar terms since January. But the rupee has depreciated 12% over that time, canceling out the gain.
 
 
 
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New Delhi is the second-largest importer of Iranian oil behind China, but will increasingly have to look for alternative suppliers in light of U.S. and European sanctions. India has already reduced Iranian oil imports from 16% of total crude purchases in 2008 to about 10%. The government pledged to reduce purchases another 11% in the current fiscal year. Washington last month exempted India along with some other countries from new sanctions.
 
Domestic oil fields are maturing, production is barely increasing and companies complain regulations are stifling. Cairn India Ltd., 532792.BY +2.16% India's largest private oil producer, said in March it might scrap a $6 billion spending plan after the government proposed an 80% increase in taxes on its production.
 
«We are headed 100 miles an hour into a brick wall on energy security unless we do something radically different,» Rahul Dhir, Cairn India's chief executive, said.
 
Plans to boost nuclear energy production faltered after the Indian Parliament passed a law that foreign equipment suppliers say would burden them with liability after accidents, rather than plant operators, which is the international standard. Environmental protests after the Fukushima disaster in Japan last year also have delayed the opening of new nuclear plants.
 
«Are we doing enough to produce our own energy?» Montek Singh Ahluwalia, deputy chairman of the government's Planning Commission, said. «The short answer is that we need to do more.»
 
 
Energy imports will be costly for India's already shaky public finances, economists say, and the government will have to pass on higher costs to consumers and businesses. That won't be easy. Residents depend on government subsidies to lower prices for electricity, auto fuels and cooking gas.
 
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Last month, Standard & Poor's cited India's yawning 5.8% budget deficit and inability to reform fuel subsidies as reasons it was considering downgrading the country's debt from investment-grade to junk status. Fitch, another ratings firm, later joined S&P in cutting its outlook on India's sovereign debt from «stable» to «negative.»
 
«India has a very distorted system of subsidies,» Jaipal Reddy, minister for petroleum and natural gas, said. «But how, in a vibrant democracy like in India, do you change the system suddenly?»
 
The country's energy crunch can be overcome, he said: «We'll have to pay for more, that's about all. It does not weaken the long-term growth story.»
 
Coal shortages are largely a result of Coal India's inability to produce enough. The state-controlled firm said in April that production in the fiscal year that ended in March was 435.8 million tons—1% more than the previous year but 16% short of the target set by India's Planning Commission.
 
At the end of March, 32 power plants had coal stocks described as «critical» by the government—less than seven days worth—and two dozen plants were running at less than 60% capacity.
 
Coal India needs to accelerate exploration, step up mining operations, improve its rail delivery system and spend some of the $8.8 billion in cash on its books to upgrade equipment, according to a recent draft of a government audit. Coal India didn't respond to a request for comment.
 
In Jharli, a village 60 miles west of New Delhi, pharmacist Ram Singh Luhach said he routinely throws away tetanus and rabies vaccines that go bad in a refrigerator that only gets a few hours of electricity a day. Down the road, mustard seed farmer Satveer Singh has a water pump to irrigate his fields. But he only gets about two hours of electricity during the day and five or six at night.
 
Mr. Singh hooks his water pump up to a tractor that keeps it running for several more hours—with the cost of diesel fuel eating into his $120 monthly income. «If I get more electricity,» he said, «I could double my production.»
 
A few miles away, a 1,320-megawatt power plant built by Hong Kong-based CLP Holdings Ltd. 0002.HK +1.23% has sprung up, along with housing for 2,500 workers. The first of two 660-megawatt units was ready in January but has been mostly idle for six months because of a lack of coal. CLP said at best it would likely get 60% of what it was originally promised from Coal India and would either have to import coal or run the plant well below capacity.
 
Rajiv Mishra, CLP's managing director in India, said in recent months he would start his day by asking how many rail wagons of coal had arrived. The second power-generating unit is ready but the firm won't start operations without reliable supplies, according to CLP, which has invested $1.3 billion in the plant.
 
«In India we just don't solve a problem until it becomes a crisis,» Mr. Mishra said. «We have done what was our responsibility, which is build one of the country's largest plants on time. But obviously full-scale operation depends on getting sufficient coal supplies.»
 
At Coal India's mine 700 miles away in Jharkhand state, 15 men worked in a 400-foot-deep pit on a recent afternoon, digging coal with bulldozers and hauling it across dirt roads in dump trucks. The coal was loaded into rusted train wagons for its three-day journey to the CLP plant.
 
Workers, who wore scarves against the dusty air, said aging equipment slows their work. They also face security threats from leftist militants who want a share of the mining profits. The militants, part of a broader Maoist movement in India, issued 22 threats last year that forced the Jharkhand mine to shut down—usually for two days at a time, mine officials said.
 
 
 
 
The coal shortage is hobbling London-listed Vedanta Resources PLC, which is building a 2,400-megawatt power plant in the eastern state of Orissa. Coal India said it could deliver only half the supply promised in 2006, before construction started. «If we'd known this fact,» said Abhijit Pati, the plant's chief operating officer, «we would never have invested in this.»
 
After spending $2 billion on the 2,800-acre complex, company officials said they had no choice but to accept a reduced supply. The plant's three operating units are running at 65% of capacity.
 
The presidential directive in April requires that Coal India supply at least 80% of what it promised plants or face financial penalties. Coal India's only choice is to ramp up imports.
 
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To expand production, the Indian government has allotted some coal mines to private firms. But of 194 private mining blocks issued through April of last year, only 28 were running. Many companies blame delays in obtaining environmental permits from the government. The government has said it is the companies that are dragging their feet getting mining operations set up.
 
Natural gas—which is used in public transportation, cooking fuel and the making of fertilizer—has its own troubles. India was banking on a $5.6 billion project in the Bay of Bengal off India's east coast. Reliance Industries discovered the gas in late 2002, an apparent energy bonanza.
 
Output was projected to reach 2.8 billion cubic feet per day in the fiscal year that began April 1. Instead, output is now about 1.05 billion cubic feet per day and could fall to 600 million units in the next two years, the company said.
 
India's efforts in April to strike a long-term gas supply deal with Qatar faltered over price, about $20 per million British thermal units, or more than triple the cost of Indian domestic gas.
 
Exploration for gas and oil discoveries isn't going well. Since 1998, the government has issued 87 exploration blocks to companies through competitive bidding. Only three blocks have gone into production.
 
Interest in India is waning among the global oil companies that dominate exploration: Eight of the 37 companies that bid in the last round of auctions were foreign companies, down from 21 in 2008.
 
Mr. Reddy, the oil and gas minister, said he was considering allowing firms to sell what they produce at higher prices to attract more investment. Companies complain that government price caps are too low.
 
Policy makers are resigned to costly imports for now. «In all probability the import dependence in primary energy is going to increase,» said Mr. Ahluwalia of the Planning Commission. «The real issue is, 'Can we pay for that energy?' „
 
 
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Statoil (OSE:STL, NYSE:STO) is preparing to shut down production on the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS) following a notice of lockout.


The Norwegian Oil Industry Association (OLF) announced today that a lockout will be imposed on all members of Industry Energy (Industri Energi), the Organisation of Energy Personnel (SAFE) and the Norwegian Organisation of Managers and Executives (Lederne) who are covered by the offshore pay agreements. The announced lockout will take effect on Monday 9 July at 24:00 hrs., and will halt all production on the NCS.

For Statoil, the shortfall in production will be around 1.2 million barrels of oil equivalent per day. The group’s lost revenue resulting from the production stoppage will amount to around NOK 520 million per day.

Statoil is planning a controlled shutdown of production and return of personnel to land from Monday 9 July at 24:00 hrs. It will take from 1 to 4 days to shut down all production on the NCS, depending on the characteristics and complexity of each field. An appropriate level of safety staffing will be established on each installation.

The lockout warning follows strike action taken by Industri Energi, SAFE and Lederne on 24 June. According to OLF’s calculations, the strike has resulted in a loss of revenue from production amounting to around NOK 2 billion so far.

In its lockout warning, OLF underlines that in addition to considerable pay rises, the trade unions are demanding  an early retirement scheme from the age of 62 which is considerably more comprehensive than the pension schemes of other groups in society. The early retirement scheme is a demand that cannot be met by OLF because each individual company determines its own pension scheme, and pension is therefore not included in the pay agreements. Since it has not been possible to negotiate a settlement after 12 days of dispute, OLF has found it necessary to respond to the strike by announcing a lockout warning. 
 
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= ИТАР-ТАСС. 12 октября 2012г.   
ЛОНДОН.  После длительного перерыва в несколько десятилетий США возобновляют экспорт нефти. Об этом сообщила сегодня лондонская газета «Файнэншл таймс». 

Согласно ее информации, такие крупнейшие мировые энергетические корпорации, как ВР, «Роял датч-шелл» /Royal Dutch Shell/, а также ведущая компания по торговле нефтью «Витол» /Vitol/, подали заявки в правительство США на получение лицензий на экспорт добываемой на территории страны нефти. «Речь идет о крупных партиях», — подчеркивает издание.=
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 МОСКВА, 16 окт (Рейтер) — Российские нефтекомпании будут прибыльными при годовой цене на нефть в $80 за баррель и соотношении долг/EBITDA на уровне 1,5, сказала на конференции аналитик по нефти и газу рейтингового агентства S&P Елена Ананькина.
   «В нашем ценовом сценарии Brent в $80 (за баррель в среднем за год) большинство российских компаний выходят на уровень (показателя долг/EBITDA) где-то 1,5 с учетом того, что растут налоги… Мы считаем такой уровень приемлемым для их рейтинга», — сказала Ананькина, добавив, что сейчас этот показатель у многих российских компаний равняется или меньше 1.
 
 
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Статья в NYT по поводу бума в секторе нефтегазовой добычи в Америке. Выводы таковы, что при текущих ценах на газ, продолжать бурить и добывать сланец все более убыточно.  



 
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CША И ИРАН ДОСТИГЛИ ПРЕДВАРИТЕЛЬНОЙ ДОГОВОРЕННОСТИ О НАЧАЛЕ ДВУСТОРОННИХ ПЕРЕГОВОРОВ ПО ИРАНСКОЙ ЯДЕРНОЙ ПРОГРАММЕ


The United States and Iran have agreed in principle for the first time to one-on-one negotiations over Iran’s nuclear program, according to Obama administration officials, setting the stage for what could be a last-ditch diplomatic effort to avert a military strike on Iran.
The United States and Iran have agreed in principle for the first time to one-on-one negotiations over Iran’s nuclear program, according to Obama administration officials, setting the stage for what could be a last-ditch diplomatic effort to avert a military strike on Iran.


Iranian officials have insisted that the talks wait until after the presidential election, a senior administration official said, telling their American counterparts that they want to know which American president they would be negotiating with.


News of the agreement — a result of intense, secret exchanges between American and Iranian officials that date almost to the beginning of President Obama’s term — comes at a critical moment in the presidential contest, just two weeks before Election Day and a day before the final debate, which is to focus on national security and foreign policy.


It has the potential to help Mr. Obama make a case that he is nearing a diplomatic breakthrough in the decade-long effort by the world’s major powers to curb Tehran’s nuclear ambitions, but it could pose a risk if Iran is seen as using the prospect of the direct talks to buy time.


It is also far from clear that Mr. Obama’s opponent, Mitt Romney, would go through with the negotiation should he win election. Mr. Romney has repeatedly criticized the president as showing weakness toward Iran and failing to stand firmly with Israel against the Iranian nuclear threat.


Reports of the agreement have circulated among a small group of diplomats involved with Iran. There is still a chance the initiative could fall through, even if Mr. Obama is re-elected. Iran has a long history of using the promise of diplomacy to ease international pressure on it.


In this case, American officials said they were uncertain whether Iran’s opaque supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, had signed off. The American understandings have been reached with senior Iranian officials who report to him, an administration official said.


Even if the two sides sit down, American officials worry that Iran could prolong the negotiations to try to forestall military action and enable it to complete critical elements of its nuclear program, particularly at underground sites.


Some American officials would like to limit the talks to Iran’s nuclear program, one official said, while Iran has indicated that it wants to broaden the agenda to include Syria, Bahrain and other issues that have bedeviled relations between Washington and Tehran since the American hostage crisis in 1979.


“We’ve always seen the nuclear issue as independent,” the administration official said, speaking on condition of anonymity because of the delicacy of the matter. “We’re not going to allow them to draw a linkage.”


The question of how best to deal with Iran has political ramifications for Mr. Romney as well. While he has accused Mr. Obama of weakness, he has given few specifics about what he would do differently.


Moreover, the prospect of one-on-one negotiations could put Mr. Romney in an awkward spot, since he has opposed allowing Iran to enrich uranium to any level — a concession that experts say is likely to figure in any deal on the nuclear program. Beyond that, how Mr. Romney responds could signal how he would act if he becomes commander in chief.


The danger of opposing such a diplomatic initiative is that it could make him look as if he is willing to risk another American war in the Middle East without exhausting alternatives. “It would be unconscionable to go to war if we haven’t had such discussions,” said R. Nicholas Burns, who led negotiations with Tehran as under secretary of state in the George W. Bush administration.


Iran’s nuclear program “is the most difficult national security issue facing the United States,” he said, adding: “While we should preserve the use of force as a last resort, negotiating first with Iran makes sense. What are we going to do instead? Drive straight into a brick wall called war in 2013, and not try to talk to them?”


The administration, officials said, has begun an internal review among officials at the State Department, the White House and the Pentagon to determine the American negotiating stance, and what the United States would put in any offer. One option under consideration is “more for more” — more restrictions on Iran’s enrichment activities in return for more easing of sanctions.


Israeli officials initially expressed an awareness of, and openness to, a diplomatic initiative. But when asked for a response on Saturday, Israel’s ambassador to Washington, Michael B. Oren, said the administration had not informed Israel, and that the Israeli government feared Iran would use new talks to “advance their nuclear weapons program.”


“We do not think Iran should be rewarded with direct talks,” he said, “rather that sanctions and all other possible pressures on Iran must be increased.”


Direct talks would also have implications for an existing series of negotiations involving a coalition of major powers, including the United States. These countries have imposed sanctions to pressure Iran over its nuclear program, which Tehran insists is for peaceful purposes but which Israel and many in the West believe is aimed at producing a weapon. Dennis B. Ross, who oversaw Iran policy for the White House until early 2012, says one reason direct talks would make sense after the election is that the current major-power negotiations are bogged down in incremental efforts, which may not achieve a solution in time to prevent a military strike. Mr. Ross said the United States could make Iran an “endgame proposal,” under which Tehran would be allowed to maintain a civil nuclear power industry. Such a deal would resolve, in one stroke, issues like Iran’s enrichment of uranium and the monitoring of its nuclear facilities. Within the administration, there is debate over just how much uranium the United States would allow Iran to enrich inside the country. Among those involved in the deliberations, an official said, are Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, two of her deputies — William J. Burns and Wendy Sherman — and key White House officials, including the national security adviser, Thomas E. Donilon, and two of his lieutenants, Denis R. McDonough and Gary Samore. Iran’s capacity to enrich uranium bears on another key difference between Mr. Obama and Mr. Romney: whether to tolerate Iran’s enrichment program short of producing a nuclear weapon, as long as inspectors can keep a close eye on it, versus prohibiting Iran from enriching uranium at all. Obama administration officials say they could imagine some circumstances under which low-level enrichment might be permitted; Mr. Romney has said that would be too risky. But Mr. Romney’s position has shifted back and forth. In September, he told ABC News that his “red line” on Iran was the same as Mr. Obama’s — that Iran may not have a nuclear weapon. But his campaign later edited its Web site to include the line, “Mitt Romney believes that it is unacceptable for Iran to possess nuclear weapons capability.” He repeated that in a speech at Virginia Military Institute this month. For years, Iran has rejected one-on-one talks with the United States, reflecting what experts say are internal power struggles. A key tug of war is between President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Ali Larijani, Iran’s former nuclear negotiator and now the chairman of the Parliament.


Iran, which views its nuclear program as a vital national interest, has also shied away from direct negotiations because the ruling mullahs did not want to appear as if they were sitting down with a country they have long demonized as the Great Satan.

But economic pressure may be forcing their hand. In June, when the major powers met in Moscow, American officials say that Iran was desperate to stave off a crippling European oil embargo. After that failed, these officials now say, Iranian officials delivered a message to their American counterparts that Tehran would be willing to sit down for one-on-one talks. At the United Nations in September, Mr. Ahmadinejad hinted as much, describing the reasoning to American journalists.


“Experience has shown that important and key decisions are not made in the U.S. leading up to the national elections,” he said. A senior American official said that the prospect of direct talks is why there has not been another meeting of the major-powers group on Iran.


In the meantime, pain from the sanctions has deepened. Iran’s currency, the rial, plummeted 40 percent in early October. Even with possible negotiations in the offing, there is no evidence Iran has slowed its fuel production.

It continues to make nuclear fuel and has refused to allow international inspectors into key sites. Any negotiation with Iran, American officials say, would have to include highly intrusive inspection regimes.

 
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Американский Белый Дом опроверг сообщение о том, что начинаются двусторонние переговоры с Ираном по ядерной программе


White House Denies Report of Iran Nuclear Talks
The White House late Saturday denied a New York Times report that the U.S. and Iran have agreed to one-on-one negotiations over Iran's nuclear program.

«It's not true that the United States and Iran have agreed to one-on-one talks or any meeting after the American elections,» National Security Council spokesman Tommy Vietor said in a statement distributed by the White House.


«We continue to work with the P5+1 on a diplomatic solution and have said from the outset that we would be prepared to meet bilaterally.» «The President has made clear that he will prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, and we will do what we must to achieve that,» Mr. Vietor continued.


«It has always been our goal for sanctions to pressure Iran to come in line with its obligations. The onus is on the Iranians to do so, otherwise they will continue to face crippling sanctions and increased pressure.»

The New York Times earlier Saturday reported the U.S. and Iran had agreed for the first time to one-on-one negotiations over Iran's nuclear program. The report cited Obama administration officials. Despite unprecedented global penalties, Iran's nuclear program is advancing. Western nations fear the Islamic republic is determined to develop nuclear weapons and fundamentally reshape the balance of power in the Middle East.


That would pose a grave threat to Israel. Iran says its program is for peaceful energy and research purposes. President Obama has said he'll prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. He hopes sanctions alongside negotiations can get Iran to halt uranium enrichment. But the strategy hasn't worked yet. Obama holds out the threat of military action as a last resort. Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney has accused Obama of being weak on Iran. He says the U.S. needs to present a greater military threat.
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АГЕНТСТВО PLATTS: СПРОС НА НЕФТЬ В КИТАЕ ПО ИТОГАМ СЕНТЯБРЯ ДОСТИГ 9.8 МЛЛН. БАРРЕЛЕЙ В СУТКИ. НОВЫЙ РЕКОРД.


PLATTS О СПРОСЕ НА НЕФТЬ В КИТАЕ
China's apparent oil demand rose 9.1% year on year in September to 40.12 million metric tons (mt), or an average 9.8 million barrels per day (b/d), the highest on record, a just-released Platts analysis of recent Chinese government data showed.


September apparent demand surpassed the previous record of 9.77 million b/d hit in February this year. Demand growth for the month was also the highest since February 2011.


The September growth in apparent demand is a rebound from a 1.5% contraction in August to 8.95 million b/d, the lowest since September 2011, when demand was also at 8.95 million b/d.


That was the second contraction this year, after apparent demand dipped 1.9% to 9 million b/d in June, before rising 2.4% year on year to 9.2 million b/d in July.


Apparent demand in September was boosted by higher refinery throughput, which rose 7% from September 2011 to 9.47 million b/d, according to data released by China's National Bureau of Statistics on October 18.


This is the highest on record since the 9.38 million b/d seen in January. Another factor in the rise in apparent demand was the surge in net oil product imports of 156.6% year on year to 1.36 million mt in September.


… Chinese refiners also likely increased their refinery throughput in September as they looked ahead to higher seasonal winter demand in the fourth quarter and after having run down domestic product stocks in July and August.


In China's individual oil products markets, apparent demand for gasoil showed a turnaround in September, growing 4.7% year on year to 13.8 million mt or 3.45 million b/d.


This followed three consecutive months of demand contraction — averaging 1.8% — from June to August to 3.3 million b/d. Domestic production of gasoil, primarily used in the transport and industrial sectors, rose 6% year on year to 14 million mt, while exports fell 10.5% year on year to 170,000 mt.


China did not import gasoil in September, according to data from the General Administration of Customs released October 24. China consumes more gasoil than any other oil product.…


Apparent demand for gasoline in September rose 13.7% year on year to 7.35 million mt (2.08 million b/d), largely driven by domestic output, which rose 12.6% to 2.17 million b/d. China is a net exporter of gasoline. Total gasoline exports last month fell 9.4% year on year to 290,000 mt.


Meanwhile, jet fuel/kerosene demand in September grew by 10.1% year on year to 1.86 million mt (483,193 b/d), largely due to the Golden Week holiday from October 1-8, which boosted jet fuel sales 10.1%, according to government data. Jet/kerosene exports surged 17.8% to 530,000 mt, while imports fell 11.5% to 460,000 mt. Output rose 19.2% on year to 501,393 b/d.
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